A miscarriage is a health condition in which you lose your baby before or during the 20th week of your pregnancy. In medical term, it is a spontaneous abortion. However, it is not an abortion as per the general meaning of the term.
As per a study, around 50% of all pregnancies end in miscarriage. Most women of these estimated numbers face miscarriages before they miss a menstrual period or even, they don’t know that they are pregnant. Approximately 15% to 25% women recognise that their pregnancies will end as miscarriages. Around 80% miscarriages take place in the first trimester of pregnancy.
At the time of texting this write-up, no expert is able to say that why a female faces a miscarriage. Experts only assume that a few factors cause you (females) have miscarriage. Here are some points on what causes a miscarriage:
1. Abnormal Chromosomes
You might face a miscarriage in the first 12 weeks if the baby in your womb has chromosomal problems. Chromosomes have the genes that show off your baby’s unique attributes like eye and hair colour. Usually, a baby doesn’t grow well with damaged chromosomes or incorrect number of chromosomes.
Your lifestyle is also responsible for the miscarriage you face. As a mom-to-be, you need to be more careful about lifestyle. Otherwise, it can cause you a or frequent miscarriages. Smoking, is the primary reason in all of your habits. A recent study has cleared that smoking increases the chance of losing pregnancy. Further, heavy drinking and drug usages cause you to lose your pregnancy.
3. Genetic Factors
Genetic factors cause recurrent/frequent miscarriages. You could have repeated miscarriages, if anyone of you has abnormality in chromosomes. It is possible that your partner is not aware of such abnormality. Such cases occur to only 2-5 % of parents-to-be. You could have a miscarriage if your mother or any female in your family faced it in the past.
4. Medical Conditions
You might face the loss of your pregnancy if you have any health issues. Such issues could include:
- An infection like rubella or cytomegalovirus
- Poorly treated/controlled diseases such as high blood pressure or diabetes
- Autoimmune disorders like lupus and thyroid
- Uterus problems such as cervical insufficiency, fibroids, and abnormally shaped uterus
- Blood clotting issues that cause blockage in the blood vessels
- Sexually transmitted diseases such as HIV, gonorrhoea, chlamydia, and syphilis
The medicines or drugs you take to treat a particular disease might impact your pregnancy and lead you to have a miscarriage. As far as possible, you should avoid long usage of misoprostol (for treating rheumatoid arthritis), retinoids (for treating acne and eczema), methotrexate and NSAIDs like ibuprofen during your pregnancy. Talk to your doctor, pharmacist, or midwife to know the impact of medicines on your pregnancy in detail.
6. Food poisoning
Food poisoning occurs to you when you take food items that consist viruses, bacteria, or parasites. For instance, pate might consist of listeria that can cause an infection known listeriosis. Listeriosis is very rare, but it can harm the baby in your womb or severe illness to the baby after birth.
7. Your age
Your age is not the thing that you can control. Unfortunately, your risks associated with miscarriage increase as you age. As per a medical study, females in their early twenties (20-24) have 8.9% chance of miscarriages while the females above 45 have 74.7% chances of having a miscarriage. It is, as the number of healthy eggs gets down with your age.
What doesn’t cause you a miscarriage?
Unlike other health conditions and diseases, miscarriages are also linked to several myths. As a mom-to-be, you should be aware of what doesn’t cause a miscarriage. Working, standing/sitting for a reasonable period of time, having sex, exercise, air travel, spicy food, emotional shocks are a few that don’t cause you to have the loss of pregnancy.
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