Atopic dermatitis or eczema is a condition that occurs because of hypersensitivity of your immune system. It is a long-lasting condition that causes your skin to become red, keeps on settling down and flaring up.

Eczema can be accompanied by asthma or hay fever. Until now, there is no such treatment for eczema. However, it can be managed with self-care tips and medications.

Eczema is not contagious. Therefore it does not travel from one person to another. Living with someone with eczema would not make you get it.

Applying medicated creams, avoiding harsh soaps, keeping your skin moisturized can help in preventing eczema exacerbations.

If you have a complaint of dry, flaky, and red skin, you should visit the Best skin specialist in Lahore.

What are the Symptoms of Atopic Dermatitis?

The symptoms of atopic dermatitis may vary from person to person. Since it is a lifelong condition, the symptoms may come and go.

Generally, the signs and symptoms of atopic dermatitis are:

  • A very dry skin that becomes too itchy, especially at night or after you take a shower
  • The appearance of grey or red scaly patches that mostly appear on the chest, knee, ankles, elbows, knee, and scalp
  • Small raised bumps- they may leak fluid when you scratch them
  • Thickened and cracked skin
  • Scaly skin
  • Sensitive, swollen, and raw skin

With atopic dermatitis, you need to take more care of your skin. Following the right skincare routine can help prevent flare-ups of eczema.

What Causes Atopic Dermatitis?

Normally, healthy skin retains moisture, therefore, protecting it from bacteria, allergens, and other germs. But sometimes, due to gene variation, it can not retain moisture, causing your skin to become extremely dry, leading to the development of eczematous lesions. However, in some children, food allergy can also play a role in causing eczema.

What are the Risk Factors for Eczema?

Factors that can increase the risk of eczema are:

Personal History

If you have had eczema once in a life, the chances for you increase to have it next time in life.

Family History

Having a family history of eczema can increase the risk for you too.


If you have other kinds of allergies, such as food allergy or fabric allergy, the chances for you to have eczema increase. You need to be cautious with what you wear and eat if you have a history of allergy or eczema.

Hay fever or Asthma

Having other immune system-mediated diseases can raise the chances of eczema too.

What are the Complications of Atopic Dermatitis?

The complications of eczema or atopic dermatitis may include:

Asthma or Hay Fever

Somehow, asthma and hayfever are related to atopic dermatitis. According to experts, children having eczema may develop asthma or hay fever until the age of 13.

Chronic Scaly Skin

Atopic dermatitis can lead to neurodermatitis- a condition in which you will notice rough and raised skin patches that are quite itchy. When you scratch them due to itch, they become more itchy, leading to the development of leathery, thick, and discolored skin.

Skin infections

Your skin is the first line of defense that protects bacteria, viruses, and fungi from invading your body. Due to eczema, it may get broken. Therefore germs can infect your skin. Even herpes simplex virus infection can occur.

Irritant hand dermatitis

It can affect people whose job requires them to keep their hands in harsh soaps, detergents, and disinfectants.

Allergic Contact Dermatitis

People with atopic dermatitis are more prone to develop allergic contact dermatitis. Therefore you need to be extra cautious about the fabric you wear. It is better to wear soft and loose clothing.

Sleep Problems

Eczema, if not managed properly, causes too much itching that can interfere with your sleep.

Therefore if you have eczema, you must apply the medicated ointments on time. If you have eczema, you can visit a skin specialist in Karachi.


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